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John Snyder, Bothell, Wash., has good distance and the proper angle to rule on this play at the plate. A mechanic known as the wedge has gained popularity among umpires as it gives umpires the ability to adjust depending on how the play develops. (Photo Credit: Dale Garvey)

As today’s players become quicker, faster and stronger, and as rules adapt, so must umpire mechanics. One of the major mechanic changes in NCAA softball is the adoption of the wedge. That new mechanic allows the umpire to be fluid and constantly adjust angles to see every aspect of plays at the plate.

It has been a gradual shift in philosophy that has led to the use of the wedge. Years ago, the philosophy dictated umpires get to a set spot, typically the first-base line extended, to be set and watch the play. That eventually adapted to the plate mechanics, which dictated umpires set up at the point of plate, read the play and then adjust to the most advantageous place to see all aspects of the play at the plate. The current mechanic expands upon the point-of-plate mechanics and takes it one step further. Think of a shape of a wedge or a triangle. The two sides of the wedge represent the path of the runner and the flight of the ball. An umpire using the wedge would be in between those two lines to see the point of the play where the tag is applied.

The major genesis for the mechanics change was the change in the NCAA obstruction rule. The initial rule stated a fielder could block the path of a runner if she was about to receive the ball. If the ball was closer, the fielder was allowed to block the path. If the runner was closer, it was obstruction.
In an effort to take judgment out of the equation, the rule was changed to “in the act of catching.” That significantly changed the amount of time a fielder could be in the path without the ball. If a fielder was not in the act of catching, she could not block the path of a runner.

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In an effort to avoid collisions and take judgment further out of the equation, the 2018-19 rule now states a fielder may not block the whole base or plate or path of the runner without possession of the ball. Rule 9.5 states, “It is obstruction if a defensive player is blocking the whole base/plate or basepath without the ball and/or the runner does not have a clear path to the base/plate.”

With the change in the obstruction rule came a change in the way coaches teach their fielders to make plays, especially at the plate. Catchers will typically set up with their left foot next to the top left corner of the plate until they catch the ball. Runners typically slide to the back portion of the plate to avoid the tag. With those changes, there are more and more swipe tags at the plate as opposed to the traditional blocking of the plate and runner sliding in.

With the increase in swipe tags, the traditional first-base line extended position of the umpire no longer made sense. The old position did not allow umpires to see the tag, unless they were right on top of the play looking down, which would put them in a dangerous path. By utilizing the new wedge mechanic, umpires can now get a clear view of all the elements on a play — the runner, the fielder, the ball and the glove. It allows umpires to get a clear view of the fielder to determine if she has blocked the entire base or path of the runner, resulting in obstruction. It also gives them the best look at the swipe tag.

In order to work the wedge effectively and properly see the swipe tag, umpires must stay between the catcher and the runner. Umpires must never let the runner get in between or they will be screened from seeing the tag. That means the umpire must always be prepared to move and adjust. As the catcher moves into fair territory, the plate umpire must move as well to keep the angle. The same is true if the catcher moves into foul territory. On passed balls, the best position may be in fair territory in order to see all the elements of the play. One static, stationary position is no longer recommended as plays continually develop and no two plays are the same.

It is imperative that umpires get into the best position possible to see the entire play. They must be able to read the catcher and the runner and keep the ball and tag in clear view at all times. Plays at the plate can determine the outcome of the game and the last thing any umpire wants to do is guess at a tag. Using the wedge allows umpires to move and adjust and puts them into the best possible position to get the call right, which is ultimately the goal.

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Note: This article is archival in nature. Rules, interpretations, mechanics, philosophies and other information may or may not be correct for the current year.

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SOURCEAuthor: Brad Tittrington
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