• Full Court Press. A look at times officials have turned to the judicial system to defend their reputations.
  • Watching Like a Hawk. Hawk-Eye Live technology replaced line umpires in some major 2020 tennis matches. What does that mean for the sport’s future?


  • Basketball. Free-throw mechanics deserve pregame attention.
  • Volleyball. Second referees have important duties between sets.


  • The News. Player banned, charges pending in assault.
  • Law. Can you sue for defamation?

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Note: This article is archival in nature. Rules, interpretations, mechanics, philosophies and other information may or may not be correct for the current year.

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