Sport-Specific Articles

Sport-Specific Articles
basketball held ball

Held Balls a Haven for Off-Ball Harms

How many officials does it take to rule a held ball? No, this isn’t some type of comedic riff on the well-worn “How many (insert insult here) does...
ball-watching football official

Ball-Watching Afflicts Veterans and Newer Officials Alike

Two huge mistakes that officials can make are ball-watching and officiating air. The former means watching the runner to the exclusion of what’s happening around him. The latter means focusing...

Did You Hear What I Didn’t Say?

As most volleyball officials would agree, non-verbal communication encompasses approximately 80-90 percent of our communication with coaches, players, partners and fans. There are so...
soccer throw-ins

Not All Throw-Ins Are Created Equally

T he throw-in, a common restart at all levels of soccer, presents a number of challenges to the officiating team — some of which must...

Careful with Explanations

There may never be a game we officiate that is free from controversy, in which every call is met with agreement from two compassionate...

Collective Blocks Cut & Dried?

Collective blocks, at face value, seem pretty cut and dried — multiple players in close proximity at the net, reaching higher than the top...

3 “When In Doubt” Judgment Guidelines

According to Webster, judgment is the ability to make a decision. An official’s judgment calls will be questioned more often than his or her...
feedback for volleyball referees

Timing and Tact Crucial to Constructive Feedback

One of the best parts about belonging to the cadre of volleyball officials is the chance to be around others who love the game...

Focus on Free Kicks

You are the referee for tonight’s game. You have completed the pregame conference with your crew, met with the head coaches and conducted the coin toss. Now you hustle...
volleyball four hits or first contact is a difficult call

Four Hits or First Contact? Techniques and Tips for One of Volleyball’s Toughest Calls

Volleyball referees are tasked with making many split-second decisions during a match. One area where coaches, spectators, players and referees see things differently is when an attacked ball is...

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