Sport-Specific Articles

Sport-Specific Articles

Start Your Game on the Right Track

Starting the game on the right track helps everyone get off to a smooth start. Starting on a bad note can set the tone...

Don’t Get An Oh, S—! Reputation

By Jeffrey Stern I’m guessing you can fill in the blanks in the title of this post. If you haven’t used the word even once...

Defining A Defenseless Player

The NCAA introduced the concept of a defenseless player in 2008, at the same time the first targeting rule was adopted. The NFHS followed...
coach communication

Limits To Coach Communication

24Communication between officials and coaches is extremely important and is an essential element of a properly officiated game. Most coaches identify good communication as...

Have Patience Considering Continuous Motion

“Two shots,” or “Going up!” Terms that are not used often enough. What many hear more often is, “No, on the floor!” Ask yourself what...

Keep-It-Flying Approach Is Challenging

One of the biggest areas of concern during a match for coaches and referees is ballhandling. Ballhandling decisions can make or break a match. In recent years, volleyball...

A Guide to Enforcing the Three-Second Violation

If there is one rule many officials are loath to enforce, it seems to be the three-second violation. For them, ruling a three-second violation carries the...

The Art of Dealing With Coaches

By Jay Miner I’ve read every umpire manual ever written back to Hank O’Day’s turn of the century (20th) handwritten notes. Manuals are good and...

3 Times When You Can Take Back A Flag

Once a flag is thrown, there are circumstances when it can be picked up — disregarded if you will. Except for some very specific...

When To Stop A Game

When to stop a game because of darkness or weather are among the toughest calls of an umpire's career. Next to those, you might think...

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